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Kuhmo is a beautiful town of Finland situated in Kainuu’s south-eastern end. The city shares a 120km border with Russia having Hyrynsalmi, Nurmes, Lieska, Sotkamo, Ristijarvi and Suomussalmi as its nearby neighboring towns. The town covers an area of 5,456.78 sq.km with a population of 1.73 people per sq.km.
A large part of the town area is covered in water which sums up to 649.97 sq.km. The other two major destinations close to Kuhmo across its border with Russia are Kostomuksha and Vartius. Kuhmo is renowned for the Kuhmo Chamber Annual Music Festival held in July.
Kuhmo landmarks feature a painted scenic view having the Ontojarvi, Lammasjarvi, and Lentua Lake in its surroundings. It is a lofty location for the nature lovers having the Haildenporlti National Park in its proximity. Kajaani railway station and airport is the nearest rail and air route to Kuhmo.
From Kajaani, you can hire a car or bus to Kuhmo. Therefore, if you are looking forward to a trip to this Finnish town, the Kuhmo travel guide is here to help you with the best places to visit in Kuhmo and the things to do in Kuhmo.
Read also: Castles in Finland
Quick information and Kuhmo travel tips
- Currency? Euros
- Languages? Finnish and Swedish
- Where is this place? Located in Northern Europe; The South East of Finland.
- What is Finland famous for? Skiing, Northern Lights, Santa Claus Village, Forest, Lakes, Vikings, and many more!
- Best time to visit Finland? Visit during Winter (November to March) and do some winter activities, explore Santas Village, and witness Aurora Borealis. Come around Spring (March to May) to see the surroundings bloom to life and Summer (June to August) to explore the lakeside, festivals, and the midnight sun. That said, Autumn (September to October) is also a beautiful time to visit as the weather is still nice but chill and the surroundings start to change color from green to beautiful golden yellow and orange.
- What to wear during winter in Kuhmo? Read our winter packing guide and as well our jacket reviews
- Closest Airport? Kajaani Airport
- How to get there? The best and easiest way to get to Kuhmo from Helsinki is by train or fly to Kajaani and take the bus from there.
- Other famous places in Finland? Lapland, Lappeenranta, Espoo, Porvoo, Vaasa, Tampere, Pori, Åland Island, Savonlinna, Turku, Rovaniemi, Salla, Jyväskylä, Helsinki, Kajaani, Oulu, and Joensuu
- Famous neighboring countries? Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Estonia, Russia, and Sweden
Do you need a visa for Finland?
In order to enter Finland, you need to have a valid Schengen visa. If you’re a citizen of the EU group of countries, you can enter Finland without a visa. However, if you’re a citizen of Canada, the USA, New Zealand, and Australia – you can stay in Schengen areas for 90 days.
Check out our detailed guide on how to apply for a Schengen visa – read it here.
Where to book your flights to Finland?
Check our handy-dandy guide on how to find the cheapest flights around the world – read it here.
Here’s the list of things to do in Kuhmo
It is a cultural center and one of the best things to see in Kuhmo to know about its local Kalevala and Karelian culture.
The center educates the visitors based on different exhibitions, events, programs as well as cultural excursions to give them a detailed insight about Kuhmo.
The entire building is known as Juminkeko, which is a glorifying example of the urban wooden Finnish architecture. The building structure is guarded by 24 wooden pillars supporting the lingonberry and heather roof while the stairs leading to the entrance and the upper floors are made from trees. It is also called the prime heritage center of Kuhmo.
Hiidenportti National Park
It is the biggest tourist attraction in Kuhmo in the Kainuu region. It was established in 1982. The national park/sanctuary houses the ancient 100 to 150-year-old forests covering 45sq. Km area among which the coniferous forests cover two-third parts.
The forest loggings here date back to the ancient 20th century. The sanctuary has got its name from its stunning gully residing in the forest amidst gorgeous vertical cliffs.
The canyons of the forest look breathtaking accompanied by flowery meadows and wooden paths with the shimmery Porttijoki River flowing through it.
Some of the significant wildlife found here are – Brown bear, lynx, wolves, Beaver, Siberian Jay, Hazel grouse, great grey owl and many more.
Another best things to do in Kuhmo is exploring the Kalevala Village, It is one Kalevala Village is one of the adventurous Kuhmo sightseeing locations.
Located amidst the beautiful forest trails, the Village is an open-air museum openly showcasing its exotic Finnish structures.
It features wooden buildings, log huts, ancient log cabin, and the desk of Elias Lonnrot and different woodcarvings with artisan displays showcasing the Karelian folk culture.
There is an underground cave belonging to the dwarves. You can even visit it and try their special magic drink. The Village holds a special charm during Christmas when it’s crowded by Santa Claus and his troops celebrating Christmas with carols and workshops in a grand way.
It also houses the Pojhola House gallery representing Kavelian artistic works and a café.
This is another beautiful nature center and sanctuary to visit in Kuhmo. It lies at a 3.5 km distance from central Kuhmo, giving you detailed information about the history, evolution, and lifestyle of massive carnivores like Bear, Lynx, eagles, wild reindeers, and Wolverine.
It features the Pedestrian Movement Exhibition to let you know about the carnivores as mentioned above in detail through images, exhibits, and lights and sound shows.
It also features a beautiful nature trail through the wilderness to compare your jumping power with the carnivores, read folklores about their birth, and even communicate with them without uttering a word. It is pure bliss for the wildlife lovers and holds a lot of excitement in the air.
Visiting the 1975 Tuupala Museum is among the best activities in Kuhmo to reach one step closer to its local culture. The exterior part of the museum has the architecture of a Karelian Farmhouse while the interior part showcases the lifestyle from the period of 1880 to 1960 when it used to be the residence of Kainulainen family.
The museum in its early years had been a hostelry, post office, pharmacy, diary before it became the museum.
The exhibits in the museum throw light on Kuhmo local traditions and history. The other two striking attractions of the museum are – The 50 years old Orthodox church housing the 18th-century exhibits by Valamo Monastery. And The 300-year-old Madonna Kuhmo Church is currently a Kuhmo music concert zone especially during its annual festival of Kuhmo Chamber Music.
Read also: Top 10 Beautiful Islands in Finland to Visit
You won’t wonder about what to do in Kuhmo if you visit the Wild Taiga recreational zone. The beautiful destination across the Russian border boasts of evergreen untouched forests, rivers, hills making it nature’s paradise. It is also a famous natural reserve/sanctuary in Kuhmo housing the rarest European species, moose, beer and wolverines.
It features guided tours in the forest area that lets you capture beautiful pictures of these wild creatures, and also allows you to engage in different recreational stuff like hiking, fishing, mushroom picking, canoeing, and different kinds of wildlife safaris.
It is also famous for its winter activities like skiing, ski-trekking, snowshoeing, snowmobiling, and husky safaris. It hosts multiple cultural events and festivals like Sommelo, Kuhmo Chamber Music, Kuhmo Winter, Christmas, New Year, etc. It is a must-visit destination in Kuhmo and also one of the exciting things to do in Kuhmo that you shouldn’t miss out on.
Winter War Museum
This is a famous heritage destination in Kuhmo that speaks of its war history. It gives you a detailed overview of the vigorous Finnish-Soviet Winter War witnessed by Kuhmo in the era of 30 November 1939 to 13 March 1940.
You can find this museum just next to Hotel Kalevala in Kuhmo. It portraits all major events from the Finnish-Soviet war with different exhibit models, photographs, and sound effects.
The museum also displays you the life of the civilians and their problems during the war period in separate rooms having distinct themes like – Front-end service, Wound care, evacuation, fighting, life after peace, etc. The museum also houses the miniature display of Luelahti encirclement battles and Soviet planes.
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Founder of Pretty Wild World and one of the leading experts in Europe travel, the Nordics, and Scandinavia Destinations.
Evan Kristine has been mentioned in big publications such as The Huffington Post and the Thought Catalog has been sharing her useful travel tips and hacks to the world for more than five years now.
Nowadays, she is a full-time traveler exploring and documenting her journey around the world providing you the next best travel idea for your great next adventure.