A landlocked country located in central Europe, Slovakia is perhaps best known for its fast-growing economy, the third fastest in the whole continent.
Tourism-wise, Slovakia is famous for its natural landscapes, medieval towns, and impressive architecture. Religion also has a footing here, with over half of the population practicing in Catholicism.
In fact, almost every village or town in Slovakia has a church, with many of them dating back to the Baroque, Gothic, and Renaissance period. In a country deeply steeped in history and culture, tourists will never run out of sites to visit here!
Thinking of going to Slovakia yourself? Here are the top places to visit in Slovakia that you definitely shouldn’t miss!
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Table of Contents
- 1 Quick facts and Slovakia travel tips
- 2 Here’s the list of the top places to visit in Slovakia
- 3 Are you on Pinterest? Pin these for later read!
Quick facts and Slovakia travel tips
Quick facts about Slovakia?
- Capital City? Bratislava
- Currency? Euro
- Languages? Slovak
- Where is this place? Central Europe
- Best time to visitSlovakia and seasons? All year round. However, Spring (April to May) and Autumn (September to October) are the low seasons with fewer crowds, cheaper accommodation and tours, and generally warm weather
- Transportation in Slovakia? To get around the country you can take the bus, train, and by renting a car
- International Airport(s)? BratislavaAirport(BTS),KošiceAirport (KSC)
- Which side of the road do they drive? Right-hand side of the road
- What is the electricity plug type? Type E. 230V. Check out our post about travel plug converters
- Neighboring countries? Poland, Ukraine, Hungary, Austria, and the Czech Republic
Do you need a visa for Slovakia?
In order to enter Slovakia, you need to have a valid Schengen visa. If you’re a citizen of the EU group of countries, you can enter Slovakia without a visa. However, if you’re a citizen of Canada, the USA, New Zealand, and Australia – you can stay in Schengen areas for 90 days.
Check out our detailed guide on how to apply for a Schengen visa – read it here.
Where to book your flights to Slovakia?
Check our handy-dandy guide on how to find the cheapest flights around the world – read it here.
Do you need travel insurance for Slovakia?
Remember this: anything can happen! Read our take on why you need travel insurance and how it can save you money when things go unplanned – read it here.
Here’s the list of the top places to visit in Slovakia
Situated along the bank of Danube River and bordering both the countries of Austria and Hungary, Bratislava is the largest as well as the capital city of Slovakia. It’s a gem of a place with high cultural and historical value, due to all the attractions that can be found and things to do in Bratislava.
Some of the more notable Slovakia tourist attractions here are the Bratislava Castle where you can view the city from up the hill, the Old Town where you can visit different pubs and take in the cultural mix of the local people, and the Rusovce Lake where you can go on a nude adventure, if you’re up for it.
Another city situated along a river, Trnava is located in western Slovakia, lying along the Trnavka River. A town established around the 11th century, Trnava is steeped in rich history, a history that is well-preserved through its Gothic, Rennaissance, and Baroque architecture, as well as its town center and brick walls.
It is considered to be a religious center in the country, as it is where the Roman Catholic Church is based in Slovakia. If you’re interested in history and religion, Trnava is one of the best places to go in Slovakia.
One of the must-see and places to visit in Slovakia and also the second largest city in the country, Kosice lies along the Hornad River, located in the eastern part of Slovakia. Kosice is home to a number of museums and art galleries, making it a haven for those who like to immerse themselves in cultural activities and sites such as museums in Slovakia. It’s no wonder how the city got named as the European Capital of Culture in 2013.
For sightseeing in Slovakia, history and culture-loving tourists would enjoy visiting the local Old Town, which is one of the most well-preserved town centers in the country. Some other must-see sites include the St. Michael Chapel, the St. Elisabeth Cathedral, and the East Slovak gallery and museum.
After some major fires ravaged this town in the 16th century, Levoca, which was originally built during the Gothic period, had to be rebuilt during the Renaissance period. This is why visitors to this town now would see predominantly Renaissance architecture, which is fortunately well-preserved.
Due to this, it was declared to be a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2009, mainly for it’s urban, political and religious buildings dating back to at least 13th and 14th centuries.
Another one of the five Slovak sites on the UNESCO World Heritage list, Banská Štiavnica is well known not only for its architecture but also for its geology. Located in the middle of Štiavnické Vrchy in the southern part of Central Slovakia, Banska Stiavnica is a tiny town with a big contribution to Slovak history. Thinking of sightseeing in Slovakia? Banska Stianvnica is worth a look.
The town dates back to the medieval times, where it was once a mining town with large deposits of different minerals and precious metals, which in turn made it one of the oldest and wealthiest towns in Slovakia.
Just like many of the other towns in Slovakia, Nitra lies along the valley of the river Nitra, situated at the foot of Mount Zobor. This makes Nitra have very picturesque Slovakia scenery.
The first known independent Slavic state in the area, Nitra is also one of the oldest towns in the country. In the past, it was the center of the Principality of Nitra.
It is very ethnically diverse, having fallen under Hungarian control after the 9th century. Slovakia is predominantly Catholic, and even more so in Nitra, where religion, specifically Catholicism, is very dominant.
Kežmarok is the location of another UNESCO World Heritage Site in Slovakia, namely the Evangelical Church of the Holy Trinity, a well-preserved Protestant church built during the Baroque period, which is well known for its wooden organ, wall carvings, and gorgeous wall paintings.
The town lies very close to the Tatra Mountains, giving it an impressive background of snow-capped mountains against a cerulean blue sky. It is undoubtedly one of the best places to visit in Slovakia.
A relatively small town, Bardejov holds a lot of cultural and historical value despite its small size. Located in North-Eastern Slovakia, at the foot of the Beskyd Mountains, there are a number of activities that can be done in this town. One of them is visiting the Church of St. Francis of Assisi, also known as the oldest as well as the most well-preserved Catholic Church in Slovakia.
You can also check out the Jewish quarter, which is home to a Jewish community and several Jewish buildings. Bordejov is also well-known for its central square, town hall, and fortification system, which all point out to its rich history dating back to the 14th century.
Situated along the Hron River in central Slovakia, Bakska Bystrica is a medium-sized city with a population of roughly 78,000 inhabitants. It straddles two mountain ranges, making it a popular summer and winter holiday destination in Slovakia.
Some of its notable sites are the Central Slovakia Museum, Marian’s Pillar, Black Obelisk, St. Francis Xavier Cathedral, and Clock Tower. It is also a popular destination for cyclists due to all the nature surrounding this medieval town as well as all the paved and asphalt roads.
And if you’re looking forward to a romantic date in Slovakia, Banska Bystrica’s main square is also a good place to go, with all its restaurants and cafes coupled with good country music.
It’s quite a popular destination for people who want to get out of the urban city scene and are craving for the more serene Slovakia countryside. Art enthusiasts will also enjoy visiting the Museum of Art, where both classic and contemporary pieces can be found. Cycling, skating, walking, and running are also some of the most common activities that tourists can partake in this town.
If you want to check out Zilina, the best time to travel to Slovakia would be in the summer, where you can engage in all these activities comfortably.
The perfect destination for those who would like to try their hand out at skiing, Liptovský Mikuláš, located in northern Slovakia, is home to Jasna ski resort, also known as the most famous ski resort in the country.
The best time to visit Slovakia if you want to go here is definitely in the winter. A town in the Liptov region, Liptovský Mikuláš is also home to the Liptov Gallery of Peter Michael Bohun, which is one of the oldest art galleries in Slovakia.
Another thing that this town is well-known for its culture, specifically its history of different kinds of guilds such as craftsmen’s guilds, shoemakers’ guild, tailors’ guild, and a lot more.
Tired of moving around Slovakia and engaging in physically-demanding activities? Come to Piestany in western Slovakia and relax in its famous spa. The aura of the town itself feels very relaxed and laid-back, making it a favorite destination for more reserved tourists.
Even though it’s a well-known spa town, Piestany is also a great summer destination, as it’s the town that receives the most sunshine in the whole country.
During the summer, tourists can also relax at the banks of Lake Slňava, sunbathing or barbecuing. For those who prefer to be more active, cycling, water skiing, and in-line skiing are also some of the options. Wondering where to go in Slovakia? Give Piestany a try.
A popular holiday destination located near the High Tatra Mountains in northern Slovakia, Poprad has a lot to offer to Slovakia tourism and its numerous tourists. Its location makes it the prime choice for those who would like to visit the High Tatra Mountains.
Despite being quite a small town, it’s one of the largest resort destinations in the whole country. Some of the notable Slovakia attractions here include the Baroque and Renaissance period church, Church of John the Baptist and the thermal park Aqua City Poprad.
Do you want to visit Slovakia? You should probably include this city on your list. Well-known for its Open Air Museum, the city of Stara Lubovna is located in Eastern Slovakia.
The museum is also called the ‘Museum of Folk Architecture,’ situated near the Lubovna Castle, a well-preserved castle from the 13th century, where visitors can view the city from above the observation towers on-site.
Wondering what to do in Slovakia? Head to Stara Lubovna and get acquainted with its rich history. Visitors can also learn about the culture and stories of this town, dating back to the 19th century, through the help of tour guides in the town. Slovakia travel guide? Even better!
Lying along the banks of Nitra River in central Slovakia, Bojnice is one of the Slovakia points of interest. Bojnice is a tiny town best known for being the home of the oldest zoo and the most famous castle in Slovakia, the Bojnice Castle.
It is also considered to be one of the most romantic destinations in the country, thanks to its impressive nature. It has some of the more popular tourist attractions in Slovakia, that’s for sure.
For those who would like to relax after a long day of going around the castle and the zoo, the Bojnice Spa can hold up to 500 visitors, and its water is said to have curative properties.
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